); kakiebos, khakibos, langkakiebos, stinkbos, stinkkhakibos, transvaalse kakiebos (Afr. & Timberlake, J. The beverage may be consumedwarm or cooled, and may be sweetened to individual taste (Neher 1968). Tagetes minuta is adapted to high temperatures and can tolerate low rainfall, but is not frost-hardy. 1993. of Food and Agriculture data sheet: "Varsity breaks ground with dye made from weed", "Composition and repellency of essential oils of Tagetes minuta from different zones in Kenya against Brown Ear Tick (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_minuta&oldid=989949472, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2013, Articles needing additional references from August 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 22:58. California Dept. Forsyth, C. & Van Staden, J. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients. bipinata (synonym of Tagetes minuta L.) Origin: Egypt, South Africa or Madagascar (See COA for lot specific origin) Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil Plant Part: Flowers Cultivation: Conventional Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery.Always dilute. Due to antibacterial thiophenes exuded by the roots, Tagetes should not be planted near any legume crop. It is an annual herb and attains height about 1-2 meters. The largest producers of Tagetes minuta oil are South Africa and France. During the last 6-10 years wild Native to Central America, tagetes, also known as marigold or Mexican marigold, grows wild from Argentina to Canada. It is of medium viscosity that can turn thick and even gel-like if exposed to the air for a long time. Highland Essential Oils on the farm Vlakbult (near Clocolan) cultivate around 500 ha of Tagetes (about half of their production need) annually, for an output of about 1 ton of oil. A beverage is prepared from Tagetes minutaby steeping a "half-handful"of the dried plant in hot water for 3 to 5 min. Depending on the species, marigold foliage has a musky, pungent scent, though some varieties have been bred to be scentless. Chemical Constituents and Biological Studies of Tagetes minuta L. and Rauvolfia caffra Sond. Stems are unbranched or branching repeatedly in the upper parts, grooved or ridged. The leaves and flowers are a good insect repellent and are often seen hanging in dwellings to deter swarms of flies and mosquitoes. Click here to register. (eds) (2004). (Includes a picture). Global production is estimated to be around 12 MT. Soule, J.A. Tagetes is an annual herb that grows to about 30 cm in height. It grows on dry or moist soil. The occurrence of this species in Taiwan was first reported by C. M. Wang and Chih H. Chen (Taiwania 51: 32-35. Therapeutically tagetes essential oil is used for athlete's foot, bunions, calluses, chest infections, corns, coughs, fungal infections and parasites. Distilled oil of Tagetes minuta from South Africa. Furthermore, Tagetes minuta essential oils also delayed the moulting of engorged nymphs by 60% after 25 days (Nchu et al., 2012). Tagetes minuta: A potential new herb from South America. For some people the smell may bring back nostalgic memories from life on a farm or walking in the veld, whereas others cannot stand the stench. During maturation, the oil thickens and the colour darkens. (1980). Tagetes minuta has numerous local names that vary by region. The oil is mainly produced in South Africa… A specialist oil, but very useful as a natural fungicide in skin creams for athletes foot. The strong odor of the bush when crushed will immediately give away any person or animal setting foot on your property. In Mexico, it is regarded as a flower of the dead during the 1st November celebrations of the Day of the Dead, where they use it to honor the lives of the family and friends who have passed away. ); mbanje (isiNdebele). ORIGIN: South Africa. Tagete oil is produced in India, Egypt, Madagascar, Mexico, South America (Brazil) and South Africa and some other parts of Africa. Tagetes oil has a wild, sweet, fruity almost citrus-like smell and is yellow to reddish-amber in color. http://www.highlandessentialoils.co.za/html/tagetes.html, Accessed 3 February 2017. Tagetes minuta L., generally known as wild marigold and locally as “Kakiebos”, has been used traditionally for medicinal purposes in many countries around the world. [3], Tagetes minuta has been eaten in various forms since pre-contact times. Used as food additive, harmful organism host, material, medicine, non-vertebrate poison, vertebrate poison and weed. KOBASHI TAGETES OIL 100% Pure LATIN NAME: Tagetes minuta (African Marigold). 2: 887. 1753. Seeds should be sown approximately 1 cm deep and covered lightly with the garden soil. Tagetes minuta has a long record of human use for the treatment of stomach and intestinal diseases. The oil is also used as a repellent to the bowfly and is useful as a bowfly dressing. An erect, woody, annual, herbaceous weed, up to 2 m tall. South Africa is currently the major producer of Tagetes essential oil which is used in perfumery, cosmetics and aromatherapy. It was used by the Aztecs in many religious ceremonies and also as a medicine. Botanical Name: Tagetes minuta var. ), New crops. The oils contained in the oil glands that are found throughout the above ground portions of the plant may cause irritation to the skin and in some cases are said to cause photodermatitis. It can be blended with massage oil or used in the bath where it can assist with wounds, cuts, coughs, chest infections, parasitic and fungal infestations. ), New crops. Select a location in your garden that receives full sun and loosen the soil. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. B20010. Common names: khaki bush, khaki weed, African marigold (Eng. Other names include muste… In the Andes it is known as Huacatay or Wacatay, and in other regions it is common as chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, or anisillo. & Malyer, H. 1996. In: J. Janick & J.E. For medicinal use, a decoction made by steeping a "double handful" of the driedplant in boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes is used as a remedy for the commoncold; including upper and lower respiratory tract inflammations, and fordigestive system complaints; stomach upset, diarrhea, and "liver… 2006). It is an alternative host to the bean fungus Ascochyta phaseolorum in Australia ( Holm et al., 1997 ). Cultivated as an ornamental. http://essentialoils.co.za/essential-oils/tagetes.htm, Accessed 3 February 2017, Highland Essential Oils: Tagetes Oil. The oil has a wild-citrus-like smell and has a yellowish to reddish amber colour. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical composition of essential oils from Tagetes minuta from the Eastern Cape of South Africa and evaluate their antioxidant potential for medicinal end use. The Tagetes Glandulifera oil is a mobile, dark yellow to orange yellow liquid which solidifies upon exposure to air, daylight and moisture. Tagetes oil is extracted from Tagetes minuta (also known as Tagetes glandulifera) and is also known as marigold, Mexican marigold and tagetette and often confused with calendula oil, which is Calendula officinalis or also known as ‘true marigold’. 2017 Jul 5;17(1):351. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1861-6. Collect the seeds from drying plants to use them again or allow the plant to self-seed. Plants will start to germinate within 2 weeks and will then reach maturity within 120 days of planting. The flowers are mostly pollinated by insects and honeybees. Plants produce clusters of up to 80 cylindrical flower heads in a panicle-like inflorescence. In Kenya it is found in Nairobi, Taita Hills, Voi-Nairobi ... Tagetes minuta L. Other uses - Used in perfumery and as flavour in beverages and food industry. T. glandulifera, familia Asteraceae) is native to South America and naturalized in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. John Wiley, New York. Initially the oil has a wild unpleasant smell, but after 12 months of maturity, it achieves a pleasant sweet-fruity (mango-like) smell and attains a stable composition. Stems much branched in larger plants and almost woody, ribbed, glabrous, glandular. Wild marigold (Tagetes minuta L., syn. Essential oil of Tagetes minuta L. from Turkey. COLOUR: Clear, amber. The heads are 10–15 mm long, enclosed by 4 or 5, fused involucral bracts. It is originally from South and North America, but is now widespread everywhere in South Africa and neighboring areas. Stems are green at first, but changes to brownish or yellowish after flowering. It is believed that its strong odour attracts dead souls towards the flowers, therefore burial sites are adorned with marigolds. Since Spanish colonization, it has been introduced around the world, and has become naturalizedin Europe, Asia, Australasia, North America, and Africa. The oil is very effectively used for wounds and a wide variety of infections. Leaves mostly opposite, often alternate in upper part, dark green, pinnatisect, elliptic in outline, 3-30 × 0.7-8 cm, rachis narrowly winged, … Chemical constituents, antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the essential oil flower of Tagetes minuta grown in Cala community Eastern Cape, South Africa BMC Complement Altern Med . Tagetes is harvested in short duration from the month of December to January. Tagetes Glandulifera grows wild in south Africa, East Africa and Nigeria. £3.75. It came to South Africa by way of the 1900 Boer War between the British and the Afrikaners, as many horses and a large amount of feed were imported from Argentina to South Africa during the conflict. Abstract. It prefers sunny positions. Journal of Essential Oil Research 8: 337, 338. Millicent Ndou & Marinda KoekemoerNational Herbarium, PretoriaFebruary 2017, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn, Aspect: Full Sun, Shade, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). [2] Since Spanish colonization, it has been introduced around the world, and has become naturalized in Europe, Asia, Australasia, North America, and Africa. [3], Kawunyira[clarification needed] at Entebbe, Uganda. Login to add your Comment Tagetes minuta is an invasive weed that prefers growing in disturbed areas, such as old lands on farms, abandoned gardens, roadsides and waste places. Annual herbs, 10-250 cm, plant aromatic. Fruits are narrow, cylindrical and usually dark brown. Has 328 biological activities, 29 ethnobotanical uses. Several other species of Tagetes, commonly known as marigolds with their rich and vibrant orange, yellow and brownish colours, are very popular as garden plants and in many cultures it plays an important role in traditional ceremonies. [3] Dried leaves may be used as a seasoning and huacatay paste is used to make the popular Peruvian potato dish called ocopa. Tagetes species are hence often used in companion planting for tomato, eggplant, chili pepper, tobacco, and potato. This Dissertation is submitted to the Faculty of Science and Agriculture, Chemistry ... Beach hotel in Cape Town, South Africa, 23rd of September 2014 to 25th of September 2014. It is photo toxic and may cause photosensitivity. 1993. Tagetes minuta is a pioneer plant and its roots assist in stabilizing disturbed soils. It grows on dry or moist soil. SKU. In India, it is widely cultivated to make garlands, for decorative purpose in marriages and festivals. Pl. Its presence as an adventive plant on Balkan Peninsula was noted by Hayek (1931), Å ilić (1973), Trinajstić (1974) and others. It is said to deter some common insect pests, as well as nematodes. This species of marigold may grow to become from 0.6–2 meters tall. Aqueous Solanum incanum and Strychnos spinosa extracts (5%) were reported to be highly lethal to ticks following a 48 h treatment ( Madzimure et al., 2013 ). After the Anglo Boer war in South Africa, Australian troops took plants home to their native land, where it now also grows profusely. K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T7 T8 U1 originally from South America but now a widespread weed in Africa, S Europe, S Asia and Australia According to Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia [CPLC] Khaki bush planted around your house will provide you with a very good early-warning security system. 2015. Tagetes minuta: A potential new herb from South America. Whether you love it or hate it, it will not leave you untouched. Leung, A. Not registered yet? The first record for KwaZulu-Natal was noticed in Newcastle in 1910. In … The vapour also acts as an antiseptic in a room. tagetes, compositae. Baser, K.H.L. Recently naturalized in Taiwan [widespread in Central and South America; naturalized in Africa (Kenya, South Africa) and Australia]. dilute to 0.5% in 99.5% carrier QUALITIES: Has excellent fungicidal properties. By 1920 it was widespread in South Africa. Wiley, New York. Tagetes (Tagetes minuta) is a strong scented annual herb with green, oval shaped leaves and bright orange flowers that look like daisies.The plant is native to South America and Mexico, and grows wild in Africa, Europe, and North America and Asia. It is very powerful and should be used sparingly on the skin (less than 0.5% dilution), not used on a sensitive skin, and avoided during pregnancy. Soule, J.A. In: J. Janick and J.E. In the Andes it is known as Huacatay or Wacatay, and in other regions it is common as chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, or anisillo. Although Tagetes Oil is not a popular fragrance oil, it is used in some perfumes. p. 649-654. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) The Essential Oil of Tagetes is extracted from its leaves, stem, stalk, and flowers by the process of steam distillation. TAGETES -Tagetes minuta - Tagete. In a 5% dilution, Tagetes Oil has been used to kill maggots in open wounds. Tagetes minuta grows on light (sandy), medium (loamy) or heavy (clay) soils, which are well drained, acidic, neutral or alkaline. Most drugs used for diseases treatment are less efficacious with side effects and this brought the search for new treatment regimens mainly from medicinal plants. Tagetes minuta is a tall upright marigold plant from the genus Tagetes, with small flowers, native to the southern half of South America.Since Spanish colonization, it has been introduced around the world, and has become naturalized in Europe, Asia, Australasia, North America, and Africa. Although they had similar constituents, the … Tagetes minuta is a tall upright marigold plant from the genus Tagetes, with small flowers, native to the southern half of South America. 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