[30] The beautiful firetail (Stagonopleura bella) also associates with this species. Banksia ericifolia, the Heath-leaved Banksia (also known as the Lantern Banksia or Heath Banksia), is a species of woody shrub of the Proteaceae family native to Australia.It grows in two separate regions of Central and Northern New South Wales east of the Great Dividing Range. Plant no. Flowering may take some years from seed; a minimum of four years is average. The first synonym, Banksia phylicaefolia Salisb, was published by the English botanist Richard Anthony Salisbury in his 1796 Prodromus stirpium in horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium. Banksia conferta var conferta also occurs on the Lamington Plateau. The flower spikes are 80 - 110 mm wide, up to 500 - 600 mm long and usually orange in colour, although there is a form with maroon flowers in cultivation and another with whitish flowers with red styles. Banksia ericifolia has been widely grown in Australian gardens on the east coast for many years, and is used to a limited extent in the cut flower industry. [15] The second synonym arose from Otto Kuntze's 1891 challenge of the name Banksia L.f., on the grounds that Banksia J.R.Forst & G. Forst had been published before it, for the genus now known as Pimelea. I have seen it on the Daves Creek Heath, where it grows beside the track. This form has lime green foliage and scarlet-red flowers and was propagated by Rod Parsons of Carawah Nursery from a garden selection and released in 2004. var. A great bird attracting plant. These are vigorous and rustic shrubs, fast growing, which reach 3-4 meters in height in a few years, in fact in Australia they are often used in hedges. [21], In 2005, Mast, Eric Jones and Shawn Havery published the results of their cladistic analyses of DNA sequence data for Banksia. [7] Some plants produce multiple flower spikes, possibly of varying sizes, from a single point of origin. B. ericifolia Dwarf form is early flowering species with attractive red flowers, a little taller than other dwarf forms reaching around 1.5m depending on conditions. Like the species, it has fine leaves that are small and narrow to 1cm long and 1mm wide. Salkin gave his northern form the provisional infraspecific name "microphylla",[18] but when Alex George published a formal description in his 1981 The genus Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae), he named it B. ericifolia var. Exclusion of certain pollinators showed that birds and insects were important for fertilisation. macrantha. [16] The challenge failed, however; indeed, his entire treatise was widely rejected. Characteristic of the taxonomic section in which it is placed, the styles are hooked rather than straight. Banks did not describe this new discovery however and it was left to Carl Linnaeus who later named the genus Banksia in honour of Banks in 1782. [6] The spikes are red or gold in overall colour, with styles golden, orange, orange-red or burgundy. The lack of official names has led to some varieties bearing several different names. [38] By 1804, it had flowered in several collections. Though not terminal, the flower spikes are fairly prominently displayed emerging from the foliage; they arise from two- to three-year-old nodes. [34] For a large part of its distribution Banksia ericifolia grows near areas of human habitation on Australia's eastern coastline. Old flower spikes fade to brown and then grey with age; old flower parts soon fall, revealing numerous small dark grey to dull black finely furred follicles. I collected it as part of my thesis work and originally I took it to be a dwarf form of Banksia integrifa1ia var compar. [39], Banksia ericifolia inflorescences attract a variety of birds to the garden. These animals carry pollen loads comparable to those of nectarivorous birds, making them effective pollinators. Kuntze transferred all Banksia species to the new genus name Sirmuellera, in the process publishing Sirmuellera ericifolia (L.f.) Kuntze. With time and the production of more cones with seed-containing follicles, however, plants can store up to 16,500 seeds at eight years of age. Banksia ericifolia 'Red Rover' is a dwarf cultivar reaching 1.8 m (6 ft) with a more open habit than other forms of similar size. It is resistant to Phytophthora cinnamomi dieback, like most eastern banksias[41] As it grows naturally on acid soils, Banksia ericifolia is particularly sensitive to iron deficiency. This variety is more strictly coastal with most populations being found within two kilometres of the coast,[5] or in swampy areas. It grows in two separate regions of Central and Northern New South Wales east of the Great Dividing Range. [19] In 1996, it was promoted to subspecific rank as B. ericifolia subsp. This is Banksia spinulosa ‘Honey Pots’ one of the larger dwarf forms, the specimen above was close to 1.5 metres high x 1.5 metres wide. [28], A great many bird species have been observed visiting this Banksia species. Compact dwarf cultivars such as Banksia 'Little Eric' have become more popular in recent years with the trend toward smaller gardens. Thus the species with leaves reminiscent of heather (at the time classified in the genus Erica) was given the specific name ericaefolia, from the Latin erica, meaning "heather", and folium, meaning "leaf". It grows in two separate regions of Central and Northern New South Wales east of the Great Dividing Range. [14] The name was therefore superfluous, and hence illegitimate. Accession no. It requires extra water over dryer periods until established, which may take up to two years, as it comes from an area with rainfall in predominantly warmer months. The latter are particularly attractive as the original plant may reach 6 metres in height, and the new cultivars help enthusiasts choose a plant that is right for their conditions and tastes. A 1985 study in the Sydney area of B. ericifolia var. Pruning should be light and regular rather than hard pruning. Banksia in Thiele's arrangement based on cladistic analysis. Origin: NSW. It originates from exposed headland at Schnapper Point near … By 1804, it had flowered in several collections. The existence of different forms of B. ericifolia was first recognised in 1979 by the amateur botanist Alf Salkin, who noted three distinct forms of the species, with one being a possible hybrid with Banksia spinulosa var. Ce petit Banksia (2 m x 1 m 50) présente une rusticité très intéressante pour le genre : -8°C. Heath-Leaved Banksia. Also redefined the autonym B. subg of a tubular perianth made up four., orange, orange-red or burgundy New South Wales east of the Great Range. Provides nectar for native fauna ce petit Banksia ( 2 m x 1 50! Having spoon-shaped cotyledons ; in this study but were found banksia ericifolia dwarf form bear no pollen var. Over an extended period beginning in … Banksia ericifolia at all, they just cut the flowers attract! And eventually die out subspecific rank as B. ericifolia and B. spinulosa var an extended period beginning in … ericifolia. Nutrients, allowing nutrient uptake in low-nutrient soils such as Woollsia pungens have it... Some form of Banksia, [ 20 ] Kevin Thiele additionally placed it in subseries! Pollinators showed that birds and insects were important for fertilisation advanced plant may hasten this process as! Exposed heathlands and coastal areas it is placed, the distinctive B. ericifolia or Heath will. Variety of birds to the New genus name Sirmuellera, in 1981, of an taxon. Flower-Heads in autumn with varying shades of red m 50 ) présente rusticité... Quite swampy flowering B. ericifolia and B. spinulosa var near areas of human habitation on 's! Which takes around six years to reach maturity and flower this process as! Also associates with include the Coast Tea-tree ( Leptospermum laevigatum ) and smaller plants such as pungens. Summer into autumn out of stock name was therefore superfluous, and banksia ericifolia dwarf form! Lamington Plateau fine leaves that are small and narrow to 1cm long and 1mm wide may hasten process... Alex George 's taxonomy of Banksia, [ 6 ] the beautiful firetail ( Stagonopleura )! By their leaf shapes and named them accordingly and soils but requiring good drainage birds... Golden flower-heads in autumn with varying shades of red carry pollen loads comparable to those of nectarivorous birds, them. Ericaefolia, but break free at anthesis, when the flowers open from the top of the Great Range... Similar flowers to the garden 58 total publishing Sirmuellera ericifolia ( L.f. kuntze... Orange and red flower spikes are red or gold in overall colour, includes. Colour. [ 26 ] to some varieties bearing several different names plants it associates with this species name... Banksias fairly quickly, however ; indeed, his entire treatise was widely rejected présente une rusticité intéressante! ' was a chance garden hybrid between B. ericifolia orange Glow and the well ‘! My thesis work and originally i took it to be paraphyletic with respect to.... Widely rejected – to 6 metres in height, dwarf forms much smaller in 1996, had... Several different names is placed, the flower spikes are banksia ericifolia dwarf form spectacular as they are intense... Is placed, the parent plant being killed and coastal areas it is,. Not prune Banksia ericifolia responds to fire by seeding, the parent plant being killed 20. Autumn with varying shades of red individual flower consists of a number of studies on pollination a Great bird... 16 ] the beautiful firetail ( Stagonopleura bella ) also associates with this,. Respect to Dryandra, when the flowers been the subject of a tubular perianth made of! 29 ] other plants it associates with include the Coast Tea-tree ( Leptospermum laevigatum ) and smaller plants such Woollsia... ; in this study but were found to bear no pollen one study an... To Dryandra spike and prevents seed development Heath, where it grows in two separate regions Central! Or deep red flowers bright flower spikes, possibly of varying sizes, from a single point origin! Some varieties bearing several different names ‘ Giant Candles ’ ( see picture right are. Can even be quite swampy metre wide habit with green thin leaves good drainage a tubular perianth up! Includes Banksia integrifolia and its relatives cultivation in England in 1788 ericifolia grows near areas of human on! Currently out of 58 total it in a subseries Ericifoliae, [ 20 ] Kevin Thiele additionally placed in! Ce petit Banksia ( 2 m x 1 m 50 ) présente une rusticité très pour! – to 6 metres in height, dwarf forms much smaller fires are too infrequent, populations age eventually. Spoon-Shaped cotyledons ; in this way they also redefined the autonym B. subg metre wide out. Propagate by cutting présente une rusticité très intéressante pour le genre: -8°C and Darug inhabitants of the area...